Inclusive Markets & Trade

A well-functioning private sector helps to drive farmers and businesses into a cycle of commercial growth and reinvestment.

The enabling environment for agricultural trade is relatively weak across the continent, with limited evidence of recent progress. High food price anomalies, an indicator of weak agricultural and food trade, can be seen across the majority of African countries, which experienced more food price anomalies in 2019 than in 2014.

Developing inclusive market systems

by shaping markets based on consumer demands and increasing local processing capacity for safe and nutritious foods.

Facilitating stronger African agriculture and food trade

by reducing search and transaction costs and improving predictability and transparency.

Enhancing market competitiveness

by enhancing market access, improving market actor access to finance, and enhancing capacity and incentives for agri-food system actors.

AGRA aims to tackle systemic constraints in access to finance and market and trade institutions to build strong agri-food markets and trade at the domestic, regional and continental levels.

Furthermore, there is evidence of low market actor competitiveness as seen in our SME Performance Score in 2020, which revealed that aggregators, traders, and processors were weak across all focus countries.

Lack of credit in the agriculture sector prevents the ability of these market actors to invest and grow. As a percentage of total credit flows in 2018, agriculture accounted for just 16.9% of credit in Zambia, and as low as 1.5% of credit in Rwanda.

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