In Mozambique, the National Investment Plan for the Agrarian Sector (PNISA) has stated its vision: to develop “a prosperous, competitive, equitable and sustainable agricultural sector”. It seeks to identify and prioritize key investment and policy interventions that are critical to enhancing the desired agricultural productivity growth in Mozambique. However, investments have been inadequate in seed production, input production and distribution, mechanization research and extension, irrigation and water management, processing.

On the other hand, different Chinese state actors and private sector players have been engaged and invested in Mozambique in a variety of sectors from rice to horticulture, in different value chain stages from production to primary and secondary processing. However, the increased China-Mozambique agricultural cooperation has also been subject to considerable debate. There is huge untapped potential in leveraging Chinese investment to promote agricultural transformation and modernization.