Synopsis of the Request for Proposal (Individual Consultant)
|Solicitation Reference No.||RFP/00977/MOZAMBIQUE/2020|
|Title of Solicitation||Technical Assistance on the Implementation of the Mozambique Flagship Program on Promoting Effective Engagement, Participation and Empowerment of the Women and Youth in Agriculture|
|Issuing Office & Address||Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA) Website: www.agra.org|
|Point of contact for clarifications, questions and ammendments||AGRA General Procurement, Procurement@agra.org|
|Email Address for submission of Proposals/ Quotes||AGRA General Procurement, Procurement@agra.org|
|Solicitation Issue Date||August 7th, 2020|
|Deadline for submission questions and clarifications||August 12th, 2020 1700 hours, East African Time|
|Deadline for Answering questions and clarifications||August 14th, 2020|
|Deadline for Submission of Proposals||August 21st, 2020 1700 hours, East African Time|
|New submission deadline||September 24th, 2020 1700 hours, East African Time|
|Anticipated Award Type||INDIVIDUAL CONSULTANCY AGREEMENT|
|Submission and Evaluation Criteria||Bidder must provide below listed information in the submitted proposal: |
Mandatory Eligibility Requirement
– Identification Documentations of Bidder (Valid Passport Copy or National Identification Card)
– Copies of academic certificates
– Shall not be sanctioned or blacklisted by any government or institution
– Applicant shall be an Individual Consultant
– Qualification of the individual Consultant relevant to the assignment: [20%]
– Experience in carrying out similar assignments: [40%]
– Technical approach, methodology and work plan: [30%]
– Relevant experience in the Agriculture Sector: [10%]
NB. Only the best candidate above 75% of the technical score shall be considered for financial negotiations
Terms of Reference – Annex A
The COVID-19 menace has found most African country systems, including the agricultural and food security systems not adequately prepared for a health-related pandemic. The country-specific landscape on COVID challenges involves multiple stakeholders. The first category of stakeholder is the government including various Government ministries (e.g. Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Trade, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Prime Minister’s Office and others depending on the government set up of different countries) and public institutions such as national food reserves, research bodies (e.g. the national think tanks and academic institutions) and other organisations. The second category of players are the non-state actors (private sector, civil society and producers/traders association). The Third category of actors are the development partners, at national, regional and international levels. The existence of multiple actors who could bring to the table different resources (technical and financial) is a huge opportunity if the comparative advantage of different actors is well harnessed. The problem is that in many cases coordination of efforts to respond to the COVID 19 pandemic is weak. Currently, in many countries; development of country economic blueprints, including the design of programs and technical studies, that are meant to impact the same target population are done in silos. Existing institutional arrangements do not allow for this integration to happen.
To address these challenges, AGRA is supporting countries to address coordination challenges that have an impact on agriculture and food security systems. The Policy, State Capability and Regional Food Trade Division has developed a detailed COVID response plan to ensure that AGRA is agile and nimble in providing adaptive response support to countries based on their response plans and needs. This period also is an opportunity to see how existing state capability interventions can still be delivered despite the current climate. Further, it is a moment to establish how to adapt the interventions to the current climate, based on lessons that are emerging from countries efforts in managing covid impacts.
The Government of Mozambique (GoM) has been implementing devolvement programs to enhance socio-economic development of the country. While the GoM policies vary accordingly across different sectors or ministries, they all intend to contribute positively towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and country development with respect to the constitution of Mozambique. However, it is in the interest of the GoM to combat poverty at all levels by advocating gender mainstreaming and youth empowerment in policy formulation. The GoM through Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADER) and other partners had designed the Strategic Plan for Agricultural Development (PEDSA) and Mozambique National Agricultural Investment Plan (PNISA). PEDSA is expected to articulate the vision of the GoM towards the agriculture sector and latter provide a comprehensive assessment and highlight a roadmap for agriculture investment in perceived results areas for the benefit of donors, investors and to its operationalization.
The PNISA document did not cover a gender and youth plan but rather recommended MADER to promote explicit gender mainstreaming. Moreover, the PEDSA document pointed out that the gender and youth strategy had been consolidated in the Gender Strategy in Agriculture Sector (EGSA) program developed by the Gender Unit of MADER and its partners in 2005. Gender Strategy in Agriculture Sector (EGSA) aimed to ensure agriculture programs integrate women with greater focus to rural women, through adopting five principles that are Social Justice, Equality, Equity, Non-discrimination and Gender Integration. This responded to the MDG 3 that addresses Gender Equality and Women Empowerment.
Out of a population of 27.9M people, 52% of them are women, 66.6% reside in rural areas and over 80% of the rural population depend on agriculture for their livelihood (INE, 2017). Rural development interventions have mainly been designed and implemented to address generic agriculture challenges. The results have been that productivity of staple foods has remained below the regional averages (i.e. maize 700 to 1000Kg compared to 3000 to 5000Kg). Less than 7% of the farmer population use agriculture inputs such as certified seeds and agrochemicals.
In the context of young people of Mozambique, the GoM acknowledges that the youth constitute a larger proportion of the entire population. Youth also dominate the pillars of the economy hence it is imperative to develop policies which prioritize, and address challenges faced by the youth to achieve positive economic growth. By resolution N0 4/96 of 20 March, the youth policy was approved, and since then, for a period of nine years the GoM has oriented sectoral policies in relation to youth. The Comprehensive Youth Development Strategy, which forms an integral part of this resolution was approved by the Council of Ministers on 8 August 2006. The Comprehensive Youth Development Strategy advocates youths to develop initiatives in the agriculture business sector as a way to reduce unemployment rate and also combat poverty in the country.
Following a review of the current agriculture sector strategies, programmes and projects, it has been established that women and youth are mostly included as project beneficiaries but without specific interventions targeted at their demographic. They are counted as a number to meet a quota and not as key stakeholders to engage for systemic change.
The agriculture sector has a dominant rural and informal economy, yet it is the source of employment to millions of Mozambicans. According to the World Bank, women represent 65% of the labor force of the sector. If we think that women are not only gender specific, but they can also be found among the youth, this figure could be higher. The largely informal nature of the rural economy provides a ripe environment for working with enterprises that can shape new pathways and business models into existence and new markets as well as create collaboration between the formal and informal sector to promote growth and rural development. Capacity building and technology transfer needs to successfully target the key players of the agriculture sector: women who are the workforce and the youth the future of the sector from production to service provision.
Principal challenges limiting both groups from actively participating in the economy and society include but are not limited to:
- Low levels of literacy: A very large percentage of rural women and youth practicing in subsistence agriculture are illiterate; this in turn impacts their productivity due to poor agricultural practices.
- Low access to capital: Low levels of asset ownership and availability of collateral inhibits investment into Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) and access to finance.
- Customary and legal rules and legislation: Prevailing customary attitudes inhibit better economic engagement of women while denying them the platform to express themselves (agency).
- Economic restrictions: Lack of opportunities available to satisfy the aspirations of youth who have invested in a secondary and tertiary education.
- The value proposition of women and youth in agriculture hasn’t been understood by policy makers, development agencies and suppliers hence they are marginalised which results in poor agriculture sector performance.
Development partners have recognised the importance of women and youth in the agricultural sector and have sought to invest in them through the implementation of different interventions that strengthen their capabilities to act and contribute to the economy. Using different approaches from the traditional implementation activities to value chain promotion, enterprise development to market systems development, interventions that contribute to the economic empowerment have been implemented. The challenge has been to directly focus on the empowerment of women and youth. Nevertheless, there are good examples of how women and youth have been included in the rural economy. The skills and access of women to inputs and financial services have increased although it could be higher. Informal services such as Village Savings and Loans groups have played an important role to enable groups of women and youth to save and lend money among them to buy household goods, children’s education as well as pay for agriculture inputs (PROSUL, INOVAGRO).
Programmes have also focused on promoting women’s adoption to improved agriculture technologies (seed, agrochemicals, production best practices) and the results have been positive (iDE). The increase of input distribution in the rural areas through agro-dealer networks (AGRA, SUSTENTA, and FAO) has been an important intervention to increases access. The participation of women as extension workers, agro-dealers, traders and community input traders is believed to also have increased the uptake of inputs by women farmers removing the social and traditional barriers that women have in dealing with men service providers (INOVAGRO, WIN, AGRA, ADZ). Value addition through cleaning, sorting and processing is also fundamental to increase incomes and generate jobs through skills development; women and youth can play an important role in performing these tasks. Interventions such as the Anadarko/Total Catalisa, JICA/IPEME provide opportunities for youth to acquire skills and be linked to potential markets for the products they produce. Cultural and traditional norms are a reality and those challenge and influence project interventions. Women and youth participation needs are directly affected by them and before any investment around them is done, there is a need to understand the underlying causes and reasons for non-participation before solutions are designed. Based on review and assessments of these projects, the poor inclusion of women in the development agenda was reported as being due to lack of knowledge on how to do it. Projects are often short in their interventions, 3 to 5 years. Often, the focus is on immediate results and the interventions that address women participation take time to be identified and addressed.
The exclusion of women and youth will continue to compromise the growth of the agriculture sector and the development of the country. This stance was reflected in agriculture sector’s strategic documents, namely the Strategic Plan for Agriculture Development (PEDSA) and its Investment Plan for the Agriculture Sector (PNISA). None of the 26 development programmes of the recently expired PNISA had interventions specifically directed at women or youth, yet most projects named these groups as possible beneficiaries. The absence of specific guidelines on how to realize the inclusion of women and youth in the development of Mozambique’s agriculture sector left a gap on its actual implementation.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADER) realized the omission of women and youth from its strategic documents and their unquestionable importance to the growth and development of the sector therefore commissioned the design of a Flagship Programme for Women and Youth Empowerment in Agriculture for the Northern and Central regions of Mozambique, which has now been finalized. This flagship is fully aligned to the new government agenda, including the MADER five-year investment plan.
The Value and Uniqueness of the Flagship Program to Catalyse MADER Investment Plan (MIP) implementation
The MIP comprises of broad program areas which need to be further unpacked into specific priority intervention areas to be implemented. Therefore, any effort to translate the MIP into specific programmatic intervention areas, requires careful follow-up planning, stakeholder engagement coupled with appropriate capacity development, incentives and financing. The flagship program will serve as tool to secure buy-in and to mobilize focused technical and financial support from different stakeholders (government, development partners, private sector and civil society) to implement priority intervention areas. MADER will use the flagship to leverage partners’ funds and its own investments in the sector to achieve higher impacts in line with the five-year goals. The flagship document encompasses potential and prioritized intervention areas and identifies clear outcomes and outputs including costs, potential roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders and associated coordination arrangements. The flagship programme document also proposes implementation mechanisms that will propel the interventions in a coordinated and integrated manner embracing multiple partners (current and future). The flagship program needs to be operationalized by unpacking it into focused activities and then partnerships, technical and financial resources need to be mobilized to drive implementation.
Flagship approach brings a unique model of coordination, a departure from the previous silo projects. This requires the right institutional architecture and skills to lead and execute its implementation. There is need therefore for strategic capacity support for the lead ministry on coordination of actors and initiatives around flagship implementation. Successful implementation of the flagship programme will also need strengthened mutual accountability mechanisms and capacity to track implementation results, including resource mobilization.
Technical Assistance to MADER
To ensure the flagship implementation takes off in the right direction and momentum, the MADER with support from AGRA, is seeking to recruit a competent and experienced Technical Advisor (consultant) to support the Ministry in facilitating the process of operationalization and implementation of flagship program on Women and Youth Empowerment in Agriculture for the Northern and Central regions of Mozambique. Taking note of the effects of the current COVID-19 Pandemic, the initial support to fully focus on the early win/ low hanging fruits to cushion the women and youth against possible negative impact to their enterprises.
Scope of Work
The consultant will provide leadership and technical implementation management support to Government to ensure seamless transition from design to implementation. This will involve among others the following specific activities:
In order to address the challenges brought about by the COVID 19 pandemic, the consultant will initially focus on the following key interventions: –
- Design a customized training of trainers (ToT) on market systems approach with the lens on youth and women empowerment.
- Undertake ToT to key MADER staff (can include representation from TVET institutions, Ministry of Youth and or gender). This should be followed up by roll out trainings to key provincial staff.
- Support the youth and women group initiative in Manica. The support to this group will include pilot approach, whereby the group is used as case study for the trainings to the MADER staff and other trainings. This support should be provided to ensure immediate interventions especially with respect to COVID-19 are addressed.
- Inception report: This will be based on initial consultation with the both AGRA and the Ministry of Agriculture. The report should provide the consultant’s understanding of the terms of reference; a workplan for the period of the assignment.
- Training Materials and reports for the ToT and other scale up trainings to be undertaken at the provincial level.
- A clear time bound and rationalized roadmap to facilitate and guide implementation of the priority interventions under current COVID-19 status. This should be provided during the first month upon signing of the contract.
- Monthly reports and comprehensive final report with clear recommendations on overall early wins.
Functionally, the technical advisor will be based at MADER and report to the Permanent Secretary at the Ministry while on day to day basis working under the supervision of the director Environment and Social Safe Guard with support of Directorate of Planning and Policy, who will provide links to Ministry departments and other key players. However contractually, the consultant will report to the AGRA Country Manager and provide weekly progress reports. The consultant is expected to work from AGRA’s office one day/week to ensure proper coordination. The Consultant will have a dual and dotted line reporting to the Head of State Capability at AGRA.
Profile of the Required Consultant
- Education: Advanced university degree in economics, law, public administration, political science, social sciences or related field
- Full understanding and experience of Market system approach in addressing women and youth challenges.
- Experience: At least 10 years proven experience in designing and facilitating implementation of broad based agricultural development programs/projects in Africa in the agriculture sector (or related sectors). This should include extensive experience in support to regulatory reform; in-depth understanding of agricultural policy and regulatory reform issues and processes in Africa; extensive experience from policy-related work planning and management
- Communication Skills and Language Requirements: Excellent oral and written communication skills in English and Portuguese;
The period of engagement is expected to be six months. The consultant should work twenty (20) days per month.
All materials / documents arising out of this consultancy work shall remain the property of AGRA.
- Qualification of the individual Consultant relevant to the assignment: [20%]
- Experience in carrying out similar assignments: [40%]
- Technical approach, methodology and work plan: [30%]
- Relevant experience in the agriculture sector: [10%]
Submission of Technical and Financial Proposals
This consultancy is open to Individual consultants with sound experience in the services outlined above. Interested Individuals are invited to submit a Technical Proposal and a Financial Proposal.
Interested and qualified consultants are invited to submit their proposal(s) comprising of the following:
- An understanding of the consultancy requirements
- Delivery plan including description of methodology, and preliminary design of the activities, outputs and outcomes.
- Detailed reference list indicating the scope and magnitude of similar assignments along with three professional referees contacts
- Detailed curriculum vitae (CV)
- Copies of academic certificates
- Identification documents
While preparing the Technical Proposal, consultants must give attention to the following:
- In preparing the Technical Proposal, consultants are expected to examine the documents constituting this RFP in detail. Material deficiencies in providing the information requested may result in rejection of a proposal.
- The consultant’s proposal must be written in English language
- The full proposal should contain two components:
- A Summary Proposal Document not exceeding 5 pages in Microsoft Word (single- space, 12-point font) responding to the areas denoted in the RFP and should be accompanied by associated accreditation and any desired annexes including case studies of sector specific work done and CV
- A Summary Proposal Presentation not exceeding 10 slides in Microsoft PowerPoint to convey the key elements of the proposal to AGRA
FINANCIAL PROPOSAL must be provided in the prescribed format, RFP ANNEX B, supported with a breakdown analysis and will provide the following information, but is not limited to:
- Professional fees chargeable per month
- Breakdown of disbursements if applicable
- Must be submitted using the format provided, RFP Annex B: Financial Proposal
- Price must be quoted in US Dollars (USD)
- All applicable withholding taxes shall be included. If the financial proposal is silent on taxes, AGRA shall assume that these are inclusive;
- Financial proposal shall be valid for a period of 90 days from the date of bid closure.
- Financial proposal shall be sent as a separate attachment and MUST be password protected.
- Technical proposal, detailed CV and Financial Proposals must be submitted separately to email@example.com by the deadline indicated in the synopsis
- The subject of the email MUST read “RFP/00977/MOZAMBIQUE/2020- Mozambique Flagship Program”. AGRA shall not be liable for not opening proposals that are submitted with a different subject.
- Technical and Financial proposals will need to be submitted as separate documents.
- Only the financial proposal of the best candidate will be opened and negotiated.
- Neither technical nor financial proposals should exceed 10MB.
- The financial proposal MUST be password protected.
- The Financial proposals shall include all applicable withholding taxes. If taxes are not mentioned in the financial proposal, AGRA shall consider them as included in the prices provided.