Assessing Government Readiness for Transformation (GRT) of the Agri-food Sector

Conceptual Framework, Methodology, and Implementation Protocol

The agricultural and food sector in Africa plays a critical role for its overall development. The agricultural economy employs 65–70% of Africa’s labour force and typically accounts for 30–40% of GDP and agriculture and agribusiness together are projected to be a US$ 1 trillion industry in Africa (excluding North) by 2030 (compared to US$ 313 billion in 2010). As a result, the sector is high priority in the political agenda for economic transformation and development of many governments across Africa. Yet agri-food transformation is not just implemented by Ministries of Agriculture: it requires a coordinated, whole-of-government approach, including the Head of State, the Ministry of Finance, Trade, Water, Environment, Land, Justice, but also local governments and key agencies like agricultural research and investment promotion. Recently, in line with the food systems approach, there is new demand for inclusiveness to bring on board more actors such as those in the health and nutrition sector. Hence it is essential that governments drive an inclusive agricultural transformation agenda, in collaboration with the private sector, farmers, civil society and development partners. Therefore, government’s ability to make rational decisions, design strategies, policies and plans for achieving them, and allocate and manage resources efficiently for delivery of the plans is critical to Africa’s ability to transform its agriculture and the food system as a whole.

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