Food Security Monitor

November 2022, Edition #31

Summary

Our monthly Food Security Monitor is one way that AGRA makes data available to key stakeholders to underpin evidence-based decision-making. Highlights from the November Food Security Monitor are summarized below:

Global Food Security update

Ukraine and the United Nations announced on November 17, 2022, that the Black Sea Grain Initiative, which was set to expire on the19th of November, will be extended by 120 days.

Regional Food Security Updates

  • Above-average food prices continue to constrain household purchasing power and food access among vulnerable rural and urban population groups in East Africa.
  • In Southern Africa, income opportunities are beginning to improve as agricultural activities, including planting, commence across the region.
  • In West Africa, food prices remain above-average despite improved supplies from ongoing harvests across several parts of the region.

Food Trade Updates

  • The World Customs Organisation (WCO) has called on African countries to digitise their customs operations, which they argue have the potential to boost intra-Africa trade and ensure effective revenue collection.
  • In East Africa, Kenya is facing another round of food shortages next year as regional countries, Tanzania and Uganda, begin to look for alternative lucrative markets for their maize. Tanzania is selling part of its maize stocks to the Middle East to make animal feeds as demand for livestock meals soars globally, while Uganda is trading the commodity to the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.
  • In Southern Africa, India and the Southern African Customs Union countries signed a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) to enhance future trade partnerships.
  • In West Africa, the Ghanaian government has extended its ban on grain exports including maize, rice, soybeans, and other grains for another six months until March 31, 2023.

Commodity Prices

  • In East Africa, food commodity prices remained well above their levels in the past 3-12 months, driven by climatic shocks, conflicts, and poor macroeconomic conditions. Nevertheless, some declines in prices were observed over the past month, particularly in South Sudan, for maize and sorghum.
  • In Southern Africa, maize prices generally remained above their 1–12-month levels, although the current prices in Mozambique are below their past 6–12-month levels.
  • In West Africa, overall changes in prices depict a downward trend due to increased supplies from new harvests across most parts of the region, although the prices remain above their one-year level.

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