Country Progress

Country Progress

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has a developed cash crop sector (cotton, sugar) with positive spillover effects on staple crop production by improving the infrastructure and delivery system, including price transparency and fertilizer access. A resilience and risk mitigation strategy is used by farmers who frequently tend to grow more crops and own livestock. AGRA has worked extensively in Burkina Faso and has made investments in different regions of the country by supporting the Government of Burkina Faso in various initiatives including seeds and fertilizer systems development, and Micro Reforms for African Businesses (MIRA). AGRA supported the Government on fertilizer quality control system by strengthening oversight institutions. AGRA has also supported partners in the private sector for seed production and distribution, facilitating access for smallholder farmers by improving the processing and aggregation.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agrodealers trained

Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s agricultural sector has grown 29% in value over the last five years, spurred on by strong government leadership and investment in agriculture (over 15% of government expenditure is on agriculture) as well as the efforts of AGRA and other development partners. AGRA believes it can optimize its impact in Ethiopia by focusing resources and funding on wheat, maize, tef, haricot beans and sorghum in four of Ethiopia’sleading regions for agricultural production: Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations Nationalities People (SNNP) and Tigray.These crops and regions have beenchosen through close examinationof the potential for impact and the ease of delivery for AGRA as well as in coordination with Government and partner priorities.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers with knowledge of ISFM

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agrodealers trained

Ghana

With 50% of exports tied to oil and goldGDP growth has ebbed. Ghana has however been able to simultaneously cut its fiscal deficit. Agriculture has had positive contribution to GDP and is expected to drive growth in 2017.High inflation of more than 18% is prevalent despite government attempts to tighten monetary policy. This has driven up interest rates, severely tightening credit inthe recent past.Ghana’s agricultural sector is characterized by low yields for staple as well as cash crops. Cereal yields are estimated at 1.7t/ha compared to the regional average of2.0 t/ha with the potential yield in excess of 5.0t/ha (World Development Indicators,WDI, 2016).The Ghanaian government is committed to agriculture, having recently met theCAADP Maputo target of 10% total government expenditures for agriculture investments. Depressed commodity (i.e.,gold and oil) prices will all but ensure that this focus is maintained.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agrodealers trained

Kenya

AGRA is focusing on supporting initiatives that use market pull to sustain an agriculture transformation by strengthening private sector investment in staple crops. This focus is informed by a well-developed private sector and enabling environment in Kenya, improved marketing opportunities and greater marketing efficiencies to provide the impetus for smallholder farmers to increase production and correctly invest in yield enhancing technologies.AGRA’s comparative advantage for the delivery interventions lies in a long history of providing grants and supporting initiatives in Kenya. AGRA has delivered over US 40 million in grants in Kenya.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Aggregation centres supported

Malawi

Agriculture is the undisputed corner stone of the Malawian economy accounting for30% of gross domestic product (GDP),over 90% of foreign exchange earnings and an estimated 80% of employment.Malawi’s Farm Input Subsidy Programme(FISP) has shown positive impacts on maize production and net crop income but has challenges in relation to its financial sustainability and to identification and targeting of beneficiaries.Malawi is one of 13 African countries that met the agreed 10% target of CAADP commitments. Malawi has erratic weather patterns that fluctuate between low rainfalls and floods.It experienced drought between 2014 –2016 and in 2016, the President declared the drought a national disaster.AGRA’s interventions in Malawi are premised on enhancing a demand pull that responds to market needs while leveraging on past investments that have provided key lessons in accelerating results.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Aggregation centres supported

Mali

Agriculture employs 80% of the country’s population, accounts for 42% of the GDP and generates about 75-80% of Mali’s export earnings. Cotton and livestock, rather than cereals, dominate agricultural export earnings and volume.Malian leadership has demonstrated a commitment to agricultural transformation through by allocating ~16% of the national budget to agriculture since 2008. This is higher than the 10% target agreed by the Heads of State meeting inMaputo in 2003. Millet, sorghum, maize, and rice are the basic staple crops produced across breadbasket regions. 90% of Malian farmers produce these grains for subsistence. Despite their importance, the average overall yield for these crops is just 70% of the potential.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Mozambique

Mozambique is a food deficit country with significant private sector interest and favorable agro-ecologies across the country. This, in itself, makes Mozambique prime for increased food production and in response to market signals – a market demand-driven agricultural transformation.Out of eight development corridors, as defined by the government, and through which all country development partners, and private sector anchor development and investments plans, AGRA has set to focus on Nacala and Beira Corridors, andThe Zambezi Valley.AGRA is providing a mix of direct grants and technical assistance, while convening partnerships between farmers, value chain actors and financial service providers.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

11
PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Niger

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Agro-dealers trained

Nigeria

AGRA’s theory of change for Nigeria is that supporting the Government of Nigeria’s Agriculture Policy Promotion in areas that catalyze and leverage private sector investment at strategic stages of the agricultural value chains will both scale up and reduce the time required for benefits to be realized by smallholder farmers. This should increase food and nutrition security, boost economic growth, propel job creation and youth employment, reduce poverty, and support socio-economic and demographic stability. Nigeria has unique advantages that make it poised for rapid impact and agricultural transformation, specifically: Several private sector off-takers with the capacity to purchase and process grains at scale; A negative trade balance in focus crops (e.g., rice, maize) that allow for immediate import substitutions; and A national risk sharing mechanism (NIRSAL) to more readily provide access to credit for farmers and actors across the value chain. However significant Institutional challenges arising from execution and coordination of policy implementation across federal, state and local government departments and agencies of the governments exist.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

11
PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Rwanda

With more than 70 % of population in the agricultural sector and with a consistentGDP growth of 7%, agriculture is the driver of Rwanda’s economic growth and poverty reduction at more than 45 %,and contributing 32.7% of GDP. Rwanda is now well positioned to close the yields gap and move agriculture to the next level of transformation from subsistence to a more professional and commercial oriented mode of farming.The national government plays a key role in driving this progress, channeling approximately 10.2% of the national budget into the agricultural sector.Despite the progress made in the agricultural sector, there are still factors impeding a sustained agricultural transformation due to limited private sector participation and investment in the sector .AGRA will sustain the progress towardsRwanda’s agricultural transformation with targeted interventions geared at optimizing the yields of small holder farmers in strengthening the private sector in selected value chains.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Tanzania

Tanzania has recently experience strong economic growth and a low rate of inflation, with GDP growing ~7% over the past several years. Agricultural growth has remained below 4%, despite contributing ~29% to national GDP. The country’s 5th President was elected in October 2015 and has chosen to focus on agricultural industrialization. Some of the country’s biggest challenges lie in infrastructure constraints, particularly electricity, irrigation, roads, and ports. 65%+ of Tanzanians are employed in agriculture. The country’s annual production exceeds domestic consumption. Exports are traded across borders into Kenya and Southern Africa, as well as via ports in Dar Es Salaam Going forward, market-led agricultural development has become a mantra for all agriculture-related discussions and policy. However, recent export bans demonstrate that the policy environment is still relatively unstable.

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Uganda

Agriculture accounts for 25.3% of GDP and employs around 72% of the population, of which 77% are women and 63% are youth, mostly in rural areasLeveraging Excellence in Agricultural development Project; brings togetherUganda’s most powerful leaders to provide solutions for agriculture. This initiative is important to AGRA’s work as it provides evidence that is critical in advocacy.Uganda Commodity production andMarketing Activity has invested in fourSMEs in the maize, coffee and beans value chains. The initiative has also lead to the development of the “OBAMADrier” to reduce Post -Harvest Losses and an ICT platform for VC integration.AGRA initiatives in Uganda are a good platform to raise awareness and use of the technologies developed under this initiative.Uganda Incentive based Risk Share for agricultural lending (UIRSAL) providedAGRA with an opportunity to work with the Ministry of Finance to set up an incentive based risk share facility expected to increase the amount of credit and reduce costs in the agricultural sector

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained

Zambia

Farmers using improved seeds
Farmers trained in post-harvest handling, quality standards, storage, structured trading

National Systems

PhDs funded in plant breeding and agronomy
MSc students funded in crop science and soil science

Technologies

Hectares cropped with ISFM technologies
Seed varieties released

Building Systems

AGRA funded grants at a cost of US$12.4million
Seed varieties commercialized
Agro-dealers trained