Government of Mozambique has put in place the Strategy and Plan for Agricultural Development Plano Estrategico de Desevolvimento do Sector Agrario (PEDSA, 2010-2020) and the National Agricultural Investment Programme – Programa Nacional de Investimento do Sector Agrario (PNISA, 2014-2018) to achieve its agricultural development objectives.
The Mozambique agricultural sector has been growing at 6% per annum on average since 2005. The main driver of this growth has been the expansion of land under cultivation rather than productivity increase. The development of this sector can be accelerated by increasing smallholder farmers’ productivity and financial incentives provided by market opportunities, improving extension services and access to input and output markets. Mozambique is highly vulnerable to floods, droughts and cyclones which affect smallholder farming. So, strengthening farmers’ resilience to shocks and stresses can contribute to the sustainability of the sector.
AGRA’s strategy in Mozambique builds on its decade-long experience supporting the sector. It prioritizes initiatives that complement the work of other actors to significantly increase smallholder farmers’ income and food security through improved enabling environment and strengthened linkages between market and production systems. AGRA will work with the government to implement the PEDSA and harness the dynamism of private sector to promote sustained production and build market systems that provide opportunities to smallholder farmers and other actors.
AGRA investments will focus on the following strategic choices:
- Support government to strengthen the sector’s delivery efficiency through improving intra and inter-ministerial coordination, as well as putting in place conducive policies for increased production and private sector investments.
- Support the development of a national resilience plan.
- Scale up catalytic initiatives in three selected priority Agricultural Growth Corridors as follows:
- Strengthen structured market access in Nacala Corridor
- Increase input availability and distribution in Zambezi Valley
- Develop an agricultural market platform to improve delivery coordination in the Beira Corridor
Targeted investments are expected to directly impact 1.53 million smallholder households over the next 5 years and also indirectly impact another 3.75 million smallholder households. The cost of this five year plan is estimated to be USD 27 million.